Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)
What is DBT?
DBT works to help increase client's emotional and cognitive regulation. A unique aspect of DBT is its acceptance of a client's experience and its focus on four ways in which to enhance life skills.
Some clients suffer from overwhelming emotions that often lead to self destructive behaviours.
DBT focuses on the following four areas:
- Distress tolerance - feeling intense emotion without acting in a self destructive manner. Clients will try to find healthier coping mechanisms for managing their emotions and learn to self soothe.
- Emotional Regulation - Recognising and adjusting emotional responses using a variety of techniques.
- Mindfulness - becoming aware of self and others and trying to stay within the moment using various techniques.
- Interpersonal effectiveness- learning how to manage relationships including conflict more effectively.
It is a very effective form of therapy for addictions, personality disorders, self harm and eating disorders.